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SwedishLuthier

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SwedishLuthier last won the day on September 16 2015

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About SwedishLuthier

  • Birthday 11/04/1968

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  • Location
    Stockholm, Sweden, Europe, Terra Nostra
  • Interests
    Guitars, would I be her if that wasn't the case...

    I play in a band, the SmashMallows, playing an upgraded version of melodic prog rock, runs a legitimate guitar building and repairing business in other parts of Stockholm, Sweden

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  1. Jointing plates - whether it is a decorative top for a solidbody or the soundboard/back for an acoustic - are essential jobs in a guitar workshop. Up until now I have tackled these jobs by clamping a beam to my table top, laying the plate halves on the bench, placing a small baton under the joint and clamping a second beam to snug things up, then apply glue, remove the baton and thus creating enough clamping pressure. This is tedious and time consuming. Enter the LMI plate jointing jig! The jig comes unassembled and is made out of sturdy plywood. The parts have a snug fit although there are some parts that don't align 100%, whist the two ”flat beds” aren't completely flat if a straightedge is used to check them. There were also minor issues with the wedges being a bit rough and getting stuck when inserted between the rope and the plate. Nothing that a bit of sanding couldn't fix, but for this price it shouldn't be required. Will this affect the performance of the jig? Let's see later on. It is useful to note that the wedges have an "up" and a "down" side. The edge of the wedge is slightly bevelled to ease the insertion, something I didn't notice at first. Maybe that is mentioned in on the accompanying DVD. I write ”maybe” as the DVD is of the DVD-R type with a printed label; the label is so thick I cannot insert it in the disc slot of my Mac! After that part failing I didn't dare insert it in the home entertainment system's BluRay player, so I actually have no idea what’s on the DVD. On contacting LMI about the DVD issue I received a very nice letter from the Sales Manager stating that I was the first customer complaining about this issue, however they would look into it to see if there is a better solution. That is how a customer feedback should be handled! The DVD issue aside, the jig is pretty self-explanatory. If you have a look at the online videos at www.lmii.com you should be fine if you happen to have issues with the DVD. I also had a problem with one of the screws getting jammed in the nut. After a bit of effort to get it out, I lightly filed the faulty thread away and started over. No biggie, but again something to watch out for. In Use After you have assembled the jig, usage is pretty straightforward. Place the bottom part of the jig on you bench, apply glue on the jointed board's edges and lay them on the jig. Place the top part on the top and make a repeated figure eight around the top/bottom part of the jig's ”legs” and lock them firmly in the quick-lock fixture. Inserting the wedges applies additional pressure to clamp the joint shut, whilst also aligning the plates laterally. If needed, the wedges can be given a light tap with a hammer to adjust pressure on the joint. Note the holes in the wedges were made by myself as I was afraid I needed them to help retract the wedges. Something that I discovered was totally unnecessary when I did my tests. The use of the tool is really a no-brainer. If my explaining it in written form leaves you slightly puzzled, this video at LMI's webpage demonstrates it perfectly so you should be fine: Talking about no-brainer, this is the bevel on the wedges that I didn't notice. Inserting then the right way up makes things a bit smoother! An added benefit with this jig - compared to my old method - is that as soon as the plates are in the jig, the entire jig can be picked up and put aside, thus freeing up room on the bench. The Result The result of the joint is of cause totally dependent on the efforts you put into jointing the plate edges beforehand. No jig can make up for sloppy craftsmanship there! Or can it? I decided to put the jig to some serious testing....I intentionally left a slight gap between the plates in one of my tests. The edges were perfectly squared off, the ends met each other perfectly but at the middle I had something like a ¼ mm gap. This particular plate was a maple top with plenty of extra width that I could be cut up and started over should the experiment not turn out well. I glued up the plate with that gap still there to see if the jig had enough clamping power to close the gap, and it did. I had to tap the wedges somewhat with a hammer to see a nice glue squeezeout in the middle but the gap was indeed closed. The result was confirmed after the glue dried and I had the glue squeeze out scraped away. Really impressive. The lateral alignment of the plates was close too, but not entirely perfect. I'd say it was on par with my old method. So it handles hard wood tops very well. Lets see how it handles soft wood tops like an acoustic soundboard. Or wait! Let's make up a really rough test. In one of my wood shipments the supplier had used a cracked spruce top as packing material. So I had an un-jointed piece of wood (OK, with the original crack on both sides...), missing a few fibres here and there and its all quite soft. Could I use the jig to glue those scrap pieces together without even jointing them? Well, yes and no. The joint is slightly sub standard with tiny gaps were some fibres were missing but that’s not really the point. I could get away with using it for something simple of for someone having his or her first go at an acoustic guitar. But the main point is that was able to force the plates together hard enough to close almost all gaps from the missing fibres, and crush a few still attached but misaligned fibres to conform to the rest of the wood, thereby making it possible to get a half-decent joint strong enough to hold up to generous bending, twisting and pulling from yours truly, today's product tester. One of my main reasons for doing this peculiar test is to see how the ropes pushing the plates together would affect the outside edges of the top when applying high pressure on a sub-standard joint in softwood. There were some marks from the ropes but really not too bad. On the contrary; it was totally acceptable when bearing in mind the rough time I gave the top! Verdict The jig passed both my tests with flying colours. Since then I have used it on a few more tops, among them the birch top in the pictures. In use it is simple and almost foolproof. The result is impressive, especially with the maple top that got clamped together in spite of the slight gap. The delivered item however, leaves a few things to wish for: General fit and finish. For the price of this jig, the cut surfaces of the plywood should really be kissed with a little sandpaper before shipping.The faulty screw that jammed in the nut. Really? It would be more favourable to increase the price of the jig by a dollar or two purely to include consistent hardware.The DVD issue. Simple on-body printing is a relatively accessible option and better than thick/heavy labels.The alignment of the parts could be a tad better, however I'm being a little picky. The jig works exactly as intended despite any of this.So in the end it is a pricey but very well-functioning tool with maybe a few quirks that really shouldn't be there. If LMI had those issued sorted out (and maybe the price reduced to, say 99$) it would get my 100% recommendation. If I had to rate it, I'd say 3.5 out of 5 “stars”. For the price of the jig, it should be perfect out of the box.
  2. Today's luthiers have at their disposal a bewildering array of tools and jigs to perform measurements of their instruments whilst under construction and during set-up. One such tool that has been developed in recent years to help simplify the process of setting up a guitar is a Nut Slot Depth Gauge or String Height Gauge. These tools enable a more accurate and direct measurement of the string height over the first fret by providing a real-time readout of the distance. Traditionally the string height is checked by depressing the string at the third fret and checking the distance between the string and the first fret. With a Nut Slotting Gauge the string height over the fretboard at the first fret is first measured. The string is then depressed on both sides of the first fret, and the two measurements are compared. By subtracting the fret height and the string thickness you get the exact height of the string over the first fret. In reality this is often done by zeroing the tool in one of the two positions - string depressed or string released. While constantly checking those measurements during the nut slotting process the user can dial in the string height to an accuracy of one hundredth of an inch. For several years the only commercially-available tool was the Nut Slotting Gauge by Stewart-MacDonald, based on a mechanical readout dial. A fresh newcomer has entered the market in the form of the Digital String Height Gauge by Luthiers Mercantile International Inc. This tool performs the same function as the Stewmac Nut Slotting Gauge, but is based on a digital caliper mechanism adapted for measuring the height of the strings over the first fret. Recently I had the opportunity to try out the LMI Digital Gauge and compare it to the well-established Stewmac unit during some set-up work. First Impressions The LMI unit is made of plastic and is much lighter compared to the Stewmac tool, the latter being of metal construction with a heavy brass base. Don't let the light weight of the LMI gauge fool you though; in use it still gives the Stewmac version a run for its money. I have now used it on quite a few new nuts and setups on older instruments and it works exactly as it should. As the LMI unit lacks the brass base it is sometimes a little hard to balance the tool when measuring the outer E-strings, but with a bit of practice that can easily be overcome. In that area the Stewmac unit performed much better with its wider and heavier base, allowing it to stand freely without toppling over. On the other hand, the lack of a wide base that straddles several strings simultaneously means that the LMI unit is much more flexible in terms of usage with odd string spreads (for example, on bass guitars). One possibly-unforeseen disadvantage to the Stewmac tool's heavier base is that it is far more likely to cause scratches or dents if knocked over or dropped onto the instrument. The LMI tool being purely a manual hand tool will never be left on an instrument unchecked. Zeroing the Stewmac gauge to start performing string height measurements is accomplished by lowering the mechanical plunger until it just contacts the top of the string and then rotating the dial until the pointer indicates "0". The LMI tool zeroing function is much simpler in that the tool is placed on the string and then the "Zero" button is depressed. In practice I found it much simpler, and more exact to reverse the ”measure/reset” routine suggested in the tools' documentation. I lightly depress the plunger so that the string rests on the fret and zero it in that position. By doing so the measurement will be a displayed as a negative number when the string pushes the plunger back up after being released. After the first zeroing I can put the gauge away and work on the nut slot. When I want to measure again, I don't need to reset the gauge. Instead I just place the gauge over the fret, rest the plunger against the string and read the string height instantly on the display. And it is much more accurate to zero the tool against the fret/string rather than on the flexing string suspended in free air. Both tools perform equally well in this regard, with the LMI gauge having the edge over the Stewmac version in terms of ease-of-use. Having a tool like this will make your set-up jobs more accurate and most of all, consistent and more repeatable. If you take notes on your setups you can very easily duplicate the results on several instruments at once. Very useful for technicians working on more than one of a client's instruments. The LMI tool works well on both guitars and basses equally, and with a variety of string spacings or multiple course instruments such as 12-strings. The Stewmac version has a base that spans three strings keeping it more stable, but disqualifying it for use with instruments featuring wide string spacings. Stewmac however do offer a Nut Slotting Gauge with a different base for use with bass guitars at an additional cost. Verdict In my shootout between the Stewmac and the LMI gauges I found the latter to be faster and easier to use overall. The base of the tool is much more flexible when it comes to string spread and gauges. The Stewmac tool wins in terms of being more stable when measuring the outer strings (extra points awarded as it will never run out of battery power). Under heavy use in a workshop I am concerned that the plastic parts of the LMI unit might not survive as well as the Stewmac version, however I have not had the tool long enough to be able to make any definitive conclusions about that quality of its construction. In general a guitar workshop is not a hectic workplace so these types of tools should not be subject to excessive wear and tear. If we look at the monetary side of things the LMI gauge is a sure winner at about 75% the price of the Stewmac version. Additionally you would have to purchase two gauges from Stewmac to work on do both guitars and basses. Both the Stewmac Nut Slotting Gauges and the LMI String Height Gauge perform exactly as advertised; they let you increase the accuracy, repeatability and quality of your setups. My heartfelt recommendation is that get your hands on one of these gauges for this common and crucial task in the guitar workshop. Your setups and customers will see the difference. http://www.lmii.com/products.html?page=shop.browse&category_id=1460 http://www.stewmac.com/Luthier_Tools/Tools_by_Job/Measuring/Nut_Slotting_Gauge.html
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